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THEY ALL GO TO THE PAMIRS
More and more people - physicists, seismologists (сейсмологи),
archaeologists (археологи) and other scientists - are visiting
the Pamirs, one of the earth's highest mountain systems.
The Pamirs are a natural laboratory for the study of cosmic
radiation, which is being studied at the high mountain research
camp at Ak-Akhrar, nearly 3.5 miles above sea level.
Tadjikistan is also the most earthquake prone (подверженный)
part of the area. There are weak underground tremors practically
every day; middling (средний) ones about once a year; severe
ones every few years; and really destructive ones (разрушительный)
every few decades (десятилетия).
The Pamirs are extremely rich in power resources, for they
are the source of powerful mountain rivers like the Vakhsh.
Archaeologists recently made an amazing discovery in the
Pamirs - the remains (остатки) of a 10-12th century mining
town, high above the clouds. This town is 12,540 feet above
sea level, and graves have been found containing a great quantity
of things which throw much light on the history of the area.
Botanists find the Pamirs highly interesting, and recently
ten expeditions have been working in different parts of the
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. One of the world's highest
botanical gardens is just outside Khorog, capital of the region.
Its plan includes study of medicinal herbs (лечебные травы)
and, observation of the effect of ultra-violet rays on the
growth of trees and other plants.
The Pamirs are one of the largest glacial (ледовитый) zones
in the world, so naturally glaciologists (гляциологи) find
them interesting. There are more than a thousand glaciers
(ледники), one of which, the Fedchenko, is more than 44 miles
Hydrographers study the snow cover on the mountains, for
agriculture in Central Asia depends on the amount of water
in the mountains brought down by its chief rivers, the Amu
Darya and the Syr Darya.
Finally, the Pamirs have a particular interest for students
of languages. The area is a kind of linguistic (лингвистический)
museum in which many "dead" Iranian languages still
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